The purpose of the formation of self-service skills in people with intellectual disabilities is to create conditions for conducting household processes, instilling cultural and hygienic skills and habits, and forming the necessary stereotypes.
The main task is to form the simplest skills of neatness and self-service, to lay the foundation for a hygienic culture.
When working with people with intellectual disabilities, the following tasks are solved:
- to form cultural and hygienic skills, a kind, caring attitude towards one’s body;
- accustom the child to hygienic individualism (use your own towel, handkerchief);
- teach how to use household items and personal hygiene;
- to form the skills of self-service in everyday life, taking into account age characteristics;
- to form table behavior skills, to cultivate the ability to eat independently and neatly, to sit quietly at the table, observing the correct posture, to hold a spoon correctly, to eat silently;
- to form the skill of orientation in the school building, knowledge of one’s place at the table;
- to cultivate the need to wash hands before eating, to form the skill of accuracy, while cultivating interest in actions, the desire to do everything independently, neatly.